Distinguish 13 types of salt that have an impact on health that housewives need to know
Salt is considered one of the indispensable cooking ingredients all over the world. Without salt, the dishes will become bland and unappealing. However, not all salts have the same structure and application. You can choose the type of salt depending on your needs or preferences.
1. What is salt?
Salt is a chemical compound that exists in the form of crystals with a combination of ions, including Na(+) and Cl(-). These are all important substances for the body, keeping the main function in helping the brain and nerves transmit electrical impulses, thereby helping to maintain human life. Currently, salts are found almost everywhere, harvested mainly from salt mines and formed by the evaporation of seawater.
2. Distinguish 13 types of salt you should know
2.1 Sea salt
When seawater evaporates, the salt crystals recrystallize and form sea salt. In addition to sodium and chlorine, sea salt also contains many other trace elements. The more impurities in sea salt, the higher the nutritional value of the salt and the darker the color.
However, in the current marine environment pollution, sea salt has many potential health risks due to the high concentration of microplastic particles (microplastics), heavy metals such as lead and zinc.
2.2 Iodized salt
This is the commonly used salt recommended by the Ministry of Health. In addition to the main minerals, this salt is also added a very important ingredient, iodine. Iodine has the ability to directly affect thyroid activity, brain development… Therefore, it is an indispensable ingredient in every meal of your family.
2.3 Fine salt
Refined salt is a type of salt that is refined from raw salt, impurities are removed to ensure purity in salt from 97% to 99% with the main ingredient being NaCl. This salt is highly white, smooth, and has a higher salinity than other salts.
Jews often use this salt to season pork. Kosher Salt comes from the sea or from the ground, has very good solubility. Moreover, this salt has a relatively salty taste, not as salty as other salts, so it is very suitable for seasoning.
2.5 Gray Salt (Sel Gris)
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2.6 Grain salt (Gros Sel)
This is the most commonly used salt. This salt has a white color, large particles, so it is soluble in water for a long time. Grain salt has high salinity and often contains many impurities. Therefore, this salt is often used to wash vegetables, meat and fish.
The salinity as well as the content of microelements in flake salt is much lower than that of other salts. People use this salt to mix salads, when eating the pieces, they want to be crispy, slightly salty on the tip of the tongue, very stimulating.
2.8 Flower Salt (Fleur de Sel)
It can be said that flower salt is the most expensive salt among the popular salts today because the mining process is very laborious and the output is low. Flower salt is crystalline salt located in the top layer of the salt lake, with a very mild salty taste. This salt originates from France, suitable for seasoning all kinds of food.
2.9 Hawaiian Sea Salt
Hawaiian sea salt is a red or black organic salt with relatively small, coarse grains. The red salts will contain the natural iron oxide Alaea, which is derived from volcanic clay. There are black salts due to the presence of activated carbon in it. The taste of this salt is very specific, containing many trace elements necessary for health.
2.11 Seasoned salt, mixed salt
This type of salt, in addition to the main ingredient is salt, is also marinated, mixed with some other spices, including mushrooms, lemons and herbs. It is up to the ingredients that are mixed to determine the taste of the salt as well as to know which dishes it goes well with. For example, salt mixed with truffle mushrooms is suitable for Italian rice dishes.
2.12 Himalayan rock salt
One of the most famous types of salt today is Himalayan rock salt. This is a type of salt that is manually mined, rich in minerals, and is widely used in medical treatment. This is a very special type of salt thanks to its structure like stone slabs, often used as a cutting board or tray for food.
It has good heat retention, so it can be used to bake food or store ice cream. In addition, this type of rock salt can also be used to season, marinate food, decorate…
2.13 Celtic Salt
Celtic salt is of French origin, formed by the evaporation of sea water. Unlike sea salt, Celtic salt also contains a large amount of water in it, so it is always wet and has a characteristic gray color. The concentration of sodium and minerals in this salt is lower than in many other salts.
3. Difference in taste
Different salts have different flavors, and chefs and foodies alike will easily recognize this. In addition to the composition, the size and color of the salt will greatly affect its taste. Usually, large salt particles will have a more salty taste, the ability to dissolve more slowly, so the time to stay salty on the tip of the tongue will be longer.
4. Prominent mineral compositions of certain salts
In salt, there are important components such as sodium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, and potassium chloride. Depending on the type of salt or different preparation method, the content of minerals will be different.
5. What kind of salt is best for health?
Dr.Muối. mouthwash is made from natural sea salt with available minerals such as: Ca, Mg, K… good for teeth with the purity of water from very deep groundwater that has been treated by filtration process. strict water. You can refer to it for more details here.